GD9.1, April 2019

Global Dialogue

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Editorial of Global Dialogue 9.1

At the XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology in Toronto, Canada, this past July, Sari Hanafi was elected as the new President of the International Sociological Association. This first 2019 issue of Global Dialogue opens with Hanafi’s theoretical vision for the ISA in the course of his term. Here he argues for combining postcolonial and […]

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Global Sociology – Toward New Directions

by Sari Hanafi, American University of Beirut, Lebanon, and President of the International Sociological Association (2018-2022) I was honored to be elected as the President of the International Sociological Association (ISA) during its congress in July 2018 in Toronto. In the following paragraphs I would like to outline the program that I introduced in my […]

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For a Global Dialogue on Class

by Projekt Klassenanalyse Jena (PKJ), University of Jena, Germany Why we need class theory– PKJ looking for companions We are currently confronted with intensifying social inequalities and increasing social protests around the globe, while the global economy is still prone to crisis. This applies even to the capitalist centers. According to official statistics, 19% of […]

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Classes and Class Interests in Latin America

by Pablo Pérez, Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies and Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Chile and Rodolfo Elbert, CONICET and Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina and member of ISA Research Committee on Labour Movements (RC44) Latin American scholars have attempted to bury the concept of class many times in recent […]

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Poverty and Social Exclusion in Post-Socialist Russia

by Svetlana Yaroshenko, St. Petersburg State University, Russia I began researching poverty in Russia in the early 1990s, when liberal market reforms were implemented. Poverty was regarded as the cost of the radical societal transformation during the transition from the Soviet distributive system to the capitalist system. It was assumed that the introduction of the […]

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Lumpenproletariat and Urban Subalterns in China

by Ngai-Ling Sum, Lancaster University, UK Marx and Engels used the term Lumpenproletariat in mainly descriptive, pejorative, and rhetorical ways. The “underclass” occupies a similar place in recent economic and political discourse, while the “precariat” has a more positive connotation. This paper employs Gramsci’s notion of the “subaltern” or “subordinate” classes, which aimed to capture […]

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Class Formation and Agrarian Capitalism

by Tania Murray Li, University of Toronto, Canada Who owns what? Who does what? Who gets what? What do they do with the surplus? These four questions, concisely posed by agrarian scholar Henry Bernstein, offer a useful starting point for the analysis of rural class formation. The questions work especially well in places where ownership […]

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Living with (and Resisting) Welfare Reform in the UK

by Ruth Patrick, University of York, UK Over the past 35 years, the UK’s social security system has been subject to wave after wave of reform. Changes have been implemented as part of efforts to end what politicians so often describe as “a culture of welfare dependency” and an ever greater role has been found […]

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Class and Ecology

by Richard York, University of Oregon, USA and Brett Clark, University of Utah, USA Capitalism is a system predicated on the endless pursuit of accumulation by and for the capitalist class. The capitalist system accomplishes this goal through rampant expropriation and exploitation, inevitably generating environmental degradation and social inequalities. Expropriation – a process of robbery […]

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The Choke-Chain Effect: Capitalism Beyond Rapid Growth

by James K. Galbraith, University of Texas, USA, and Klaus Dörre, University of Jena, Germany The economies of early industrialized countries have left the time of rapid growth behind. One of the reasons for this end of rapid economic growth in these countries is a trend towards tightened profits that James Galbraith has called “the […]

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The Post-Growth Condition

by Éric Pineault, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada, and Research Group on Post-Growth Societies, University of Jena, Germany Growth in a capitalist society has multiple meanings and implications, as does the specter of its breakdown or end. It is a material fact, a monetary representation of economic scale and also an idea, a central […]

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Degrowth: A Call for Radical Socio-Ecological Transformation

by Federico Demaria, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain “Growth for the sake of growth” remains the credo of all governments and international institutions. Economic growth is presented as the panacea to all the world’s problems: poverty, inequality, sustainability, you name it. Left-wing and right-wing policies differ only on how […]

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Feminisms and Degrowth – Alliance or Foundational Relation?

by Anna Saave-Harnack, University of Jena; Germany, Corinna Dengler, University of Vechta; Germany, and Barbara Muraca, Oregon State University, USA The term “degrowth” might lead many to think of shrinking economies following the financial crisis of 2007. But this is not what degrowth is about. The activist slogan “their recession is not our degrowth!” clarifies […]

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Challenges for a Degrowth Strategy: The Case of Greece

by Gabriel Sakellaridis, University of Athens, Greece It is considered axiomatic in capitalist economies that economic growth is essential for a country to ensure prosperity for its citizens. The allure of growth, however, should not be understood as merely a set of dominant ideas prevalent in public discourse and scientific paradigms. The deification of growth […]

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Chile: From Neoliberalism to a Post-Growth Society?

by Jorge Rojas Hernández, Universidad de Concepción, Chile In its relatively short history, Chile has undergone various economic, social, cultural, and political regimes. Some governments promised reforms or revolutions, but in doing so caused ever deeper conflicts. The Frente Popular government, a center-left alliance, took over in 1938 but did not last long. In 1964, […]

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Ecofeminist Sociology as a New Class Analysis

by Ariel Salleh, University of Sydney, Australia and member of ISA Research Committees on Environment and Society (RC24) and Social Movements, Collective Action and Social Change (RC48) Ecological feminist analyses grow out of everyday life praxis, so they often question the taken-for-granted premises of social movements framed top-down by established political ideologies. For example, during […]

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Brazil 2018: The Middle Classes Shift Right

by Lena Lavinas, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Guilherme Leite Gonçalves, Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil In Latin America, the 1980s brought the end of the military dictatorships, which had stifled the forces of social change for decades. But while transition to democracy expanded the formal circle of citizenship, it also […]

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Populism, Identity, and the Market

by Ayşe Buğra, Boğaziçi University, Turkey Since the 1990s, populism has been a widely used term to designate a new type of non-liberal ideology that characterizes certain political parties and their leaders in a wide variety of countries. A moral claim to exclusive representation – where the legitimacy of all opposition can be denied – […]

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Right-Wing Populism in Latin America: Self-Interest over Social Welfare

by Ramiro Carlos Humberto Caggiano Blanco, University of São Paulo, Brazil, and Natalia Teresa Berti, Universidad del Rosario, Colombia The commodities boom of the 2000s enabled the governments of Argentina and Brazil to adopt policies of re-industrialization combined with social integration. These governments re-nationalized strategic companies, partially (re-)regulated the labor market, promoted a minimum income, […]

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Radical Nationalism as a New Counterculture in Poland?

by Justyna Kajta, University of Wrocław, Poland The growing support for nationalist and right-wing populist parties has been of concern for sociologists and democratic policy-makers in many countries in recent years. In Poland, radical nationalist organizations have been more visible since 2015, when the right-wing conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party won the parliamentary elections. […]

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Taking Inspiration from Marie Jahoda

by Johann Bacher, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, Julia Hofmann, Chamber of Labour Vienna, Austria, and Georg Hubmann, Jahoda Bauer Institut, Austria In 2017, the authors of the present article were engaged in editing, financing, and presenting the until-then almost unknown doctoral thesis of the famous Austrian social scientist Marie Jahoda, who finished her dissertation […]

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Labor Relations and Social Dialogue in Portugal

by Elísio Estanque, University of Coimbra, Portugal, and member of ISA Research Committees on Labour Movements (RC44) and Social Classes and Social Movements (RC47), and António Casimiro Ferreira, University of Coimbra, Portugal Portugal is a semi-peripheral country that underwent a democratic transition in 1974, following a long period of dictatorship (starting in 1926). The authoritarian […]

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Introducing Global Dialogue’s Bengali Team

Rokeya Akhter is a national consultant and professional in development projects in Bangladesh. Her specializations are in gender action plan, nutrition for adolescents, and climate change resilience for food security. She is a PhD candidate at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Her doctoral research is on language, culture and schooling in Dhaka. She has completed […]

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