France

by Paola Tubaro, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Paris-Saclay, France The extraordinary successes of present-day artificial intelligence (AI) rest on the “micro-work” of a multitude of real men and women. They tag objects in images, transcribe commercial receipts, translate bits of text, and record their voice while reading aloud short sentences. Simple and […]

by Sari Hanafi, American University of Beirut, Lebanon and President of the International Sociological Association (2018-2022), and Stéphane Dufoix, University of Paris Nanterre and Institut universitaire de France, and member of ISA Research Committee on the History of Sociology (RC08) Many events have troubled our sociological community in the last few months. Three prominent sociologists […]

Luc Boltanski is one of today’s most distinguished sociologists. A previous collaborator of Pierre Bourdieu, he is a Director of Research at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS) in Paris. In the 1990s, he examined the organization of capitalism and its new forms of domination in the widely acclaimed book written […]

Remettre en cause la réalité : Un entretien avec le sociologue français Luc Boltanski [1] Luc Boltanski est l’un des sociologues contemporains les plus reconnus. Il a collaboré avec Pierre Bourdieu au début de sa carrière et est actuellement directeur d’études à l’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) à Paris. Dans les années 1990, il […]

by Susana Lerner, El Colegio de México, Mexico, Lucía Melgar, Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, Mexico and Agnès Guillaume, Institut de recherche pour le développement, France In 2007, Mexico’s Federal District (Distrito Federal, recently renamed Mexico City) legalized abortion in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy – a victory for civil society, which had been […]

François Burgat is a political sociologist and senior researcher at the French Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), who has devoted his career to the analysis of political systems and civil societies in the Arab world. He is one of those rare scholars capable of understanding the Islamic movements without romanticizing or vilifying them, […]

by Stéphane Beaud, École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), Paris, France Can the social sciences offer “on-the-spot” commentary about the events of January 7-9, 2015 (the deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo in Paris and the anti-Semitic killing at a kosher supermarket)? Or is it better to keep our distance, letting media intellectuals – […]

by Isabelle Berrebi-Hoffmann, Marie-Christine Bureau, and Michel Lallement, LISE-CNRS, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, Paris, France New forms of sharing, as well as new ways of collaborative production and consumption, are raising questions for the current economy. Fablabs and hackerspaces have a particular place in this context where commons-inspired wealth is based on access […]

by Bernard Fusulier, FNRS, University of Louvain, Belgium, and Chantal Nicole-Drancourt, CNRS-LISE, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, Paris, France Declining birth rates, decreasing employment rates among mothers, and the renunciation of motherhood are increasingly considered major risks, connected to the demography and levels of social welfare in “developed” countries. Although the financial and budgetary […]

by Anne-Marie Waser, Dominique Lhuilier, Frédéric Brugeilles, Pierre Lénel, Guillaume Huez, Joëlle Mezza, and Cathy Hermand, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, Paris, France In France, keeping the working-age population employed has become a matter of concern for two reasons: this population is aging and increased percentages have been diagnosed with chronic illnesses, particularly cancer. […]